Information and communication technologies to raise quality of teaching and learning in higher education institutions
Chris Prince Udochukwu Njoku, University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria
This paper aims to help higher education teachers know, and be able to deploy, certain information and communication technologies (ICTs) towards shifting from teacher-centred pedagogy to learner-centred instruction for increased quality of teaching and learning. Theories and many practices have emerged that have faulted teacher-centred classrooms common in educational institutions, especially in developing countries. The argument is that teacher-centred approach to delivering subject contents does not produce the calibre of school leavers and graduates the twenty-first century society needs. This argument has necessitated a longstanding call for a shift to student-centred teaching and collaborative learning.
Many ICTs play a critical role in this direction, but are either unknown for the role or un-utilized. The paper highlights many benefits of integrating these technologies into teaching and learning, as proved by projects in elementary and high schools. It then lists ICTs that can be used successfully in higher education, explains what they are, and shows how and evidence of use. They include web-blogs, wikis, e-mail, social networking web sites, social bookmarking Web sites, mobile phones, presentation software and digital cameras. The paper concludes with suggestions of what can be done to implement their use as integral to the entire higher education effort.
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